Sunday, May 13, 2018

Declining monsoon and its effect on India.


India (and other monsoon dependent countries) are particularly vulnerable to climate turbulence because a disturbance in the rainfall timing and pattern and the total amount of water received during the monsoon period is a significant factor in India’s food self-sufficiency.
The health of the monsoon essentially determines the amount of rice,  India’s major staple food,  that will be produced. India’s monsoon period has been on average 100 days long. This is the period during which the country receives almost all the water it will get from rainfall. The monsoon period is already reduced by about 15 days so in effect the total amount of water we are getting has also gone down by some 15 %. This is having serious implications already and the situation is likely to worsen in the coming years.

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